This study seeks to assess the future impacts of biofuel production from the world’s major biofuel producers (the US, Brazil and the EU) over the next decade on poor households in one country—China. Using two modeling platforms created to account for: (a) the global interactions of regional biofuel and food markets; and (b) the supply, [...]
This study seeks to assess the future impacts of biofuel production on regional agricultural and related sectors over the next decade with a specific focus on the vulnerable regions of developing nations. Using a modification of the GTAP modeling platform to account for the global interactions of regional biofuel and food markets, the analysis shows that biofuel production [...]
In order for India to make progress towards its goals of producing renewable fuels for transport, more thought needs to be put into pricing and other support policies, as well as into developing economically-feasible alternatives to the biofuel feedstocks currently being considered.
Continued Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth will be needed for pulses, edible oilseeds and sugarcane, if supply growth is to keep up with expected demand growth in the coming decade. Rice and wheat, by contrast, seem to be able to deliver sufficient supply growth to satisfy the national balances for those cereals, even at current levels of TFP.
Gender plays a big part of the story in explaining food-versus-fuel tradeoffs in Mozambique. Increasing agricultural productivity as well as investing in schooling for girls and women are both important policy interventions that can enhance the pro-poor impact of biofuels growth in Mozambique.
The current set of policies and technologies are not sufficient to allow India to realize its goal of producing renewable fuels and avoiding fuel-versus-food trade-offs. Greater emphasis needs to be put on policy design and improving conversion technologies and the productivity of the feedstocks themselves.
Better technologies and feedstocks for biofuels are needed for India’s national program. Even though food-versus-fuel trade-offs are not likely to happen, the current program based on cane-ethanol and jatropha-based biodiesel is not feasible in the long-run.
While biofuels can attract some welcome investments to African agriculture, there are important trade-offs to consider. Biofuels will likely compete with traditional African agricultural exports for local resources and governments must be careful not make overly-generous tax concessions to foreign investors.
Many uncertainties face the biofuel sector in India, and government support and policy guidance is needed. The value-chains are in need of further development in order for the sector to sustain itself in the long-run.
Biofuels provide a new opportunity to enhance economic development in Tanzania. Drawing on detailed cost estimates, we develop a dynamic computable general equilibrium model to estimate the impact of different biofuel production scenarios on growth and poverty. Our results indicate that maximizing the poverty-reducing effects of a biofuels industry in Tanzania requires engaging and improving [...]
The out-grower mode of feedstock production has a greater impact on reducing poverty than growing feedstock in plantations – especially if it allows for technological spillovers that provide a boost to staple crop production of smallholders.