Gender Implications of Biofuels Expansion in Africa: The Case of Mozambique

Posted on May 30, 2011

We use a gendered dynamic CGE model to assess the implications of biofuels expansion in a low-income, land-abundantsetting. Mozambique is chosen as a representative case. We compare scenarios with different gender employment intensities in producing jatropha feedstock for biodiesel. Under all scenarios, biofuels investments accelerate GDP growth and reduce poverty. However, a strongertrade-off between biofuels and food availability emerges when female labor is used intensively, as women are drawn away from foodproduction. A skills-shortage among female workers also limits poverty reduction. Policy simulations indicate that only modest improvementsin women’s education and food crop yields are needed to address food security concerns and ensure broader-based benefits frombiofuels investments.

Arndt, C. et al. Gender Implications of Biofuels Expansion in Africa: The Case of Mozambique,World Development (2011), doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.02.012

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