Case Study: Brazil
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Biofuels Sector Updates from Brazil
Brazil is one of the few countries in the world where it is possible to increase both food and biofuels production. This can be uniquely complementary, due to its tropical climate and continuous growing season where food and biofuels, instead of competing, have a symbiotic relationship in terms of modern inputs. Brazil obtains continuous productivity gains for its major agricultural production chains (food and biofuel crops) without environmental hazards. Improvements in industrial knowledge and efficiency in ethanol use have allowed four times the original mileage per hectare, maintaining a relatively low cost of ethanol, relative to petroleum. From experiences with ethanol, Brazil is currently implementing the world’s largest biodiesel world in order to replace diesel which has been imported in the past.
Brazil Team and Collaborators
Postdoctoral studies at Yale University, Msc and PhD in Rural Economics, Agronomist. Impact assessment and performance measurement of agricultural research. More than two decades of progressively responsible positions in the planning, monitoring and evaluation of agricultural research in Brazil and LAC countries. The experience includes the development of management information system, methodologies for agricultural research economic impact evaluation and priority setting and the participation on the development of benefit-cost and priority setting software. During this period developed several studies evaluating returns to investments in agricultural research (aggregated and by projects and programs) and evaluated of productivity and efficiency of Embrapa agricultural research centers.
Geraldo da Silva e Souza
Department of Statistics, University of Brasilia
Phone: 55-61-3448-4315 (Embrapa)
Geraldo Souza is Senior Researcher at Embrapa and Full Professor of Statistics at Univerity of Brasilia. His research interest are in Multivariate Nonlinear Econometric Models, Multivariate Time Series Models, Production Theory, Efficiency and Productivity, fields where he has original theoretical and applied contributions. The range of applications of his work covers agricultural research efficiency studies and poverty alleviation, forecasts in commodity markets and bank efficiency.
Dr. Torres received her PhD in agricultural and resource economics from the University of California, Davis. Her research interests include agricultural economics, development economics and international trade.
Geraldo Martha, Jr.
Center for Strategic Studies and Training in Tropical Agriculture (Cecat)
Embrapa Studies and Training
Geraldo Martha Is an agronomist, with PhD. in Agronomy /Animal Science and Pastures (University of São Paulo/ESALQ, 2003) and a Post-doc in Economics (University of Brasilia, UnB, 2007). Geraldo iIs a researcher at EMBRAPA (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation) since 2001, and is currently at the Center for Strategic Studies and Training in Tropical Agriculture (Cecat, “Embrapa Studies and Training”), Brasilia-DF. He is also a graduate professor at the University of Brasilia (Animal Science Program), teaching “Planning and Management of Pastoral Systems”, and serves as the general-coordinator of the research group on “Land-use dynamics and Cerrado regional development”, National Research Council (CNPq), Brazil, where he is also a CNPq fellow. Dr. Martha leads a number of biofuels-related research projects, including: Sugarcane chain expansion and implications for land-use and development of the Cerrado, and Economic, risk and investment analysis of the production of bioethanol